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Cite Sources: APA Style

This guide provides a list of print and online resources to help with citation formatting.

At the Reference Desk

Citing Online Content

Citing online content (journals, websites) is tricky.  Below are commonly used citations for journal articles, books, and a website.  For authoratative information on this, consult chapter 7 of the 6th edition of the APA manual.

 

Citing an Article with DOI

Gilbert, S. P., & Weaver, C. C. (2010). Sleep quality and academic performance in university students: A wake-up call for college

psychologists. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 24, 295-306. doi:10.1080/87568225.2010.509245

 

Citing an Article without DOI  

Gilbert, S. P., & Weaver, C. C. (2010). Sleep quality and academic performance in university students: A wake-up call for college

psychologists. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 24, 295-306. Retrieved from http://www.informaworld.com

/smpp/title~content=t792303990

***The key difference between an article with a DOI and an article without it is that you should include in the citation the journal's homepage if no DOI is available.***

____________________

Citing an Online Book

Twain, M. (1885). The adventures of Huckleberry Finn. New York, NY: Charles L. Webster & Co.  http://www.gutenberg.org/files/76/76

-h/76-h/76-h.htm

*If a book is available online, simply cite it just like you cite a book, except add the DOI (preferred) or URL (if no DOI available) at the end of the citation.

____________________

Citing a Website (non-periodical)

Sutter, J.D. (2011, January 10). The future of cars: Drivers not needed. Retrieved from: http://www.cnn.com/2011/TECH/innovation

/01/09/cars.future.ces/index.html

*The thing to remember with citing a website is that you want to include as much standard citation information (Author, title, date, URL) as possible.  If no date is apparent, use "n.d."

What's new in the 6th edition?

Other Online Resources

McIntyre Library cannot verify information provided by these online citation resources.  Use with caution.

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